top of page

Balance and movements - Central and Peripheral Nervous System


Balance, Reflection, and Movements

lucent fitness tai chi posture 1

The main purpose of this page is to know the basic central and peripheral nervous systems to understand the mechanism to perform better balance, reflection and movements. Consistently transporting the chemicals (neurotransmitters) in the nervous systems to maintain better balance and reflection. Think of very low carbohydrate diets, the fuel for the brain is carbohydrates, the average adults requires 130g of carbs to function adequately. This is the briefest description about the central and peripheral nervous systems.

lucent fitness nervous system blog image











I. Tai Chi and Yoga exercises increase the sensitivity of proprioceptors.


Proprioception is the sense of knowing your body's relative position in space, so that we are able to adjust the center of gravity of the body to balance in difference environments. The body quickly reacts to sense the position in the space. Proprioception is a coordinated neurologic and physiologic response facilitated by specialized nerves known as proprioceptors. These are the sensory receptors situated on the nerve endings of the inner ear, muscles, skin, joints, tendons, and other tissues. They relay information about our body's spatial position to the brain, the signals of which are translated into both large and subtle movements.


Tai Chi emphasizes the activities of proprioceptors by requiring the awareness about your posture and center of gravity as you slowly shift from one movement to the next. Yoga also helps us to reestablish the awareness of the body alignments in the postures. Exercising in unstable footing helps to improve the proprioception.

II. Organs of the Central and Peripheral Nervous System and their functions


The nervous system is the main regulatory complex of our body. It coordinates the activity of cells, tissues and organs of our body and regulates the functions of the body and its interaction with the environment, provides opportunities for the implementation of mental processes that underlie the mechanisms of language and thinking, memorization and learning. In addition, in humans, the nervous system constitutes the material basis of this mental activity.


The nervous system is a complicated complex of highly specialized cells that transmit impulses from one part of the body to another; as a result, the body gets the opportunity to respond as a whole, to changes in factors of the external or internal environment.


The nervous system is divided into two parts:

1. Central nervous system includes the brain and spinal cord.

2. Peripheral nervous system includes nerves, nerve nodes and nerve endings.


Spinal cord - is an elongated, cylindrical cord up to 45 cm long and weighing 34-38 g, located in the spinal column. The roots of the spinal nerves symmetrically depart from the spinal cord. It contains the centers of some simple reflexes, for example, reflexes that provide movement of the diaphragm, respiratory muscles. The spinal cord performs two functions: reflex and conducting, under the control of the brain it regulates the functioning of internal organs (heart, kidneys, and digestive organs).


The main structural and functional element of the nervous system are nerve cells - neurons. The nervous system consists of 100 billion nerve cells, which generate up to about a thousand impulses per second.


Nerve cells are composed of the body, processes and nerve endings. From other types of specialized cells, neurons are distinguished by the presence of several processes that provide a nerve impulse through the human body. One of the processes of the cell - the axon, as a rule, is longer than the rest. Axons can reach a length of 1-1.5 m. Such, for example, axons that form the nerves of the limbs. Axons end with a few thin branches - nerve endings. Depending on the function, the nerve endings are divided into sensitive, intermediate and executive.


Sensitive neurons respond to the effects of the external or internal environment and transmit impulses to the central parts of the nervous system.

Intermediate neurons transmit this impulse from one cell to another. By means of executive neurons, the nervous system induces the action of cells of the working organs.


Nerve cells at the junction with each other form special contacts - synapses, which serves to transmit a nerve impulse between two cells. The transmission of pulses is carried out chemically using mediators. Mediator is a biologically active substance formed by cells or nerve endings, carries out intercellular contacts (conduction of nerve impulses) or acts on tissues and organs. Mediators of the central nervous system are also called neurotransmitters.


The response of the nervous system to the influence of the external environment or to a change in the internal state of the body is based on a reflex. Thanks to the reflex, many of our actions occur automatically. Indeed, we have no time to think when we touch a hot stove.


All our actions take place with the participation and control of the central nervous system. The accuracy of command execution is controlled by the brain.


Brain - is part of the central nervous system and located inside the skull, consists of a large brain, cerebellum and trunk. He is the most important “server” in the human body and is responsible for the regulation of all vital functions. The brain is the "motor", thanks to which we strive to fulfill the planned tasks and goals.


Brain functionality increases with sufficient intake of nutrients and with sufficient blood circulation, good regeneration of brain tissue, adequate oxygen saturation of cells.


III. Support of the Central and Peripheral Nervous System


For life nerve cells need: 28 amino acids, 15 minerals, 12 vitamins (B vitamins, Folic acid), fatty acids (Lecithin and Omega-3), enzymes (CoQ10), water and oxygen.


B vitamins are food for the nervous system. In times of stress, the body rapidly uses up these nutrients.

Folic acid - is considered food for the brain. It helps with depression and anxiety and helps prevent neural tube defects in unborn children.

Lecithin - stimulates brain activity, nourishes the nervous system and is a component of nerve cell membranes.

Omega-3 - effectively reducing the risk of possible occurrence of oxygen starvation of the brain, protect the central nervous system from defects associated with oxidation and a chronic inflammatory process.

CoQ10 – is brain coenzyme. Without this coenzyme, the energy of the brain is not released.

Gotu Kola - is a plant, the strongest tonic for the brain that impro