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Mastering the Squat: The Ultimate Test of Strength, Coordination, and Endurance After 40

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Let's review the essence of the squat test, elucidating the correct form and how performing this fundamental movement can offer insight into your muscle endurance and coordination.

As we age, maintaining muscle coordination, balance, and endurance becomes increasingly vital to our overall health and quality of life. The squat, often heralded as the king of all exercises, serves as a perfect litmus test for these attributes, particularly for individuals over 40. Known as a triple extension exercise, the squat simultaneously engages the hips, knees, and ankles, providing a comprehensive assessment of one's neuromuscular ability and strength. This blog dives into the essence of the squat test, elucidating the correct form and how performing this fundamental movement can offer insight into your muscle endurance and coordination.


lucent fitness squat test average

The Squat Test: A Benchmark of Strength and Endurance


The squat test is straightforward: it evaluates your ability to perform squats correctly and counts the number of repetitions you can achieve. This test goes beyond sheer strength, tapping into muscle endurance, balance, and the efficient functioning of the neuromuscular system. For men and women above 40, achieving 28 and 25 squats respectively is indicative of good strength and endurance levels. But it's not just about the numbers; the form with which you execute each squat is equally telling.


Performing the Squat with Correct Form


Good form is paramount in the squat to ensure safety, maximize effectiveness, and accurately assess your fitness level. Here's a step-by-step guide to performing a proper squat:


Checkpoint 1: Foot Position


Start with your feet shoulder-width apart, toes slightly turned out. This stance provides stability and allows for a full range of motion. The heel lifting, while descending, indicates the tight calf muscles and a lack of ankle flexibility.


Checkpoint 2: Ankle, Knee, and Hip Movement


As you lower into the squat, focus on bending at the hips, knees, and ankles simultaneously. This triple extension is crucial for engaging the entire lower body correctly. Check the knee positions: Collapsing knees inside means your adductor muscles are weak, and swaying knees to outward indicates tight IT band and weak quads to sustain legs straight line. Also, hip tilting to one side or rotating indicates lumber instability.


 Checkpoint 3: Torso Position

Maintain a straight back with a slight natural arch in your lower spine. Your torso should lean forward slightly as you descend but keep your chest up and look forward to ensuring proper alignment. If the torso can’t maintain good posture, core strengthening is needed.   


Checkpoint 4: Extended Arm Hold


Extend your arms out in front of you for balance. This helps to counterbalance your weight as you lower down. Shoulder stabilizing workout will be helpful.


Checkpoint 5: Head Position


Keep your head in a neutral position, aligned with your spine. Your gaze should be fixed on a point directly ahead to help maintain balance and focus. Check your straight neck syndrome. Your neck should be able to sustain the neutral position as long as it is correctly aligned.


Checkpoint 6: Depth and Movement


Aim to lower yourself until your thighs are at least parallel to the floor. Ensure your knees do not bow inward or extend past your toes. Push through your heels to return to the starting position, engaging your glutes and thighs.


While you are maintaining the correct form of squat, how many squats are you able to perform?

lucent fitness squat test for women table

The Importance of Muscle Coordination and the Neuromuscular System


The squat not only tests strength and endurance but also challenges your muscle coordination and the efficacy of your neuromuscular system. This involves the ability of your nerves and muscles to work in harmony to perform movements accurately and efficiently. Regularly practicing squats can enhance this coordination, leading to improved balance, mobility, and functional strength, which are crucial for an active and injury-free lifestyle after 40.

lucent fitness squat test for men table




For those above 40, the squat test is an invaluable tool for assessing and improving your fitness. By focusing on proper form and striving to meet or exceed the benchmark numbers, you can ensure a balanced approach to strength, coordination, and endurance. Remember, the goal is not just to perform squats but to execute them with precision and control. Incorporating squats into your routine, alongside a balanced fitness regimen, can help you maintain the muscle strength, coordination, and quality of life necessary to thrive in your 40s and beyond.

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